Shapes in Rhythm

This com­po­si­tion was part of chore­o­graph­ic work CRONOS cre­at­ed by Andréine Bel, per­formed at the National Centre for the Performing Arts (Mumbai, India) and Shri Ram Center (Delhi) in October 1994.

The fol­low­ing gram­mar “-gr.ShapesInRhythm” was com­posed (in about 2 days) by Andréine and Bernard Bel.

Six dancers were on stage: Smriti Mishra, Olivier Rivoirard, Vijayshree Chaudhary, Arindam Dasgupta, Somenath Chatterjee and Suresh Shetty.

The musi­cal frame­work com­pris­es 9 parts using very dif­fer­ent sound patch­es played on Roland D-50 syn­the­siz­er with Musitronics exten­sion card. Each part is built on the rhyth­mic struc­ture of a tihai: three equal rep­e­ti­tions of a rhyth­mic pat­tern, inter­spersed with two equal rests, with the con­straint that the last unit should fall on the first beat of the rhyth­mic cycle. The cycle is 16 beats, name­ly tin­tal in North-Indian music/dance. Tihais are basic fig­ures of Kathak dance and tabla drumming.

Production and time-setting would take 14 min­utes on an old Mac IIci! For this rea­son, sub­gram­mar instruc­tions have been opti­mized: instead of the default “RND” mode, “ORD” was used wher­ev­er pos­si­ble, oth­er­wise “SUB1” whose process is a unique “par­al­lel” rewrit­ing of the work string.

Playing the piece required the set­ting of 30-millisecond quan­ti­za­tion which reduced 222 times the size of the phase table.

At the time this gram­mar was cre­at­ed, BP2 did not sup­port artic­u­la­tion nor glos­saries. This gram­mar high­light­ed the need for such features.

Smooth time and time pat­terns (with time-objects t1, t2 and t3) have been used because the dancers expect­ed ini­tial sec­tions to start slow and speed up. Thus, the com­po­si­tion starts at metronome 60, con­tin­ues at metronome 80 and fin­ish­es at 88. In this com­po­si­tion, how­ev­er, stri­at­ed time would be a much bet­ter option because speed changes can be man­aged by the “_tempo()” tool: for­get time pat­terns, set metronome to 88 and insert _tempo(60/88) then _tempo(80/88) and final­ly _tempo(1) to mod­i­fy speeds. This work was an incen­tive to imple­ment the “_tempo()” per­for­mance tool…

Click this link to dis­play the score of this piece. 

Video at the bot­tom of this page.


TIMEPATTERNS:
t1 = 88/60 t2 = 88/80 t3 = 1/1

ORD
_mm(88.0000) _smooth
GRAM#1[1] S --> Route script(Beep) _script(Wait for space) Part1 Gap12 Part2 Gap23 Part3 Gap34 Part4 Gap45 Part5 Gap56 Part6 Gap67 Part7 Gap78 Part8 Gap89 Part9
GRAM#1[2] Part1 --> _script(Tick cycle OFF) Route - _vel(127) _script(Tick cycle ON) _script(Reset tick cycle) {Tp1 Tp1 Tp1 Tp1 Tp1 Tp1 Tp1 Tp1, P1} {Tp1,Accord5,sol4 15}
GRAM#1[3] Part2 --> Sablier _vel(127) {Tp2 Tp2 Tp2 Tp2 Tp2, P2}{Tp3,Dha1 15} GRAM#1[4] Part3 --> Maison _vel(35) {Tp3 Tp3 Tp3 Tp3, P3}_vel(45){Tp3,Dha5} GRAM#1[5] Part4 --> Toit _vel(127){Tp3 Tp3 Tp3 Tp3 Tp3 Tp3, P4}
GRAM#1[6] Part5 --> Drapeau _vel(70){Tp3 Tp3 Tp3 Tp3, P5}{Tp3,Chhe 15}
GRAM#1[7] Part6 --> CerfVolant _vel(127){Tp3 Tp3 Tp3 Tp3, P6}{Tp3,Tin ---}
GRAM#1[8] Part7 --> Guimbarde _vel(127){Tp3 Tp3 Tp3 Tp3, P7} PedalOn {Tp3,Dha4 15}
GRAM#1[9] Part8 --> Hippocampe _vel(90){Tp3 Tp3 Tp3, P8}{Tp3,la5 31} GRAM#1[10] Part9 --> VaisseauVolant _vel(90) {Tp3 Tp3 Tp3 Tp3 Tp3 Tp3 Tp3 Tp3 Tp3 Tp3 Tp3 Tp3 Tp3 Tp3 Tp3 Tp3 t3 t3 t3 t3, P9}
GRAM#1[11] Gap12 --> _vel(80) Conque {Tp2,- _pitchbend(0) _pitchcont _mod(0) _modcont si3____ mod(16383) _pitchbend(8192) Sablier -} _mod(0)
GRAM#1[12] Gap23 --> Maison {Tp3,16,_vel(2) _velcont - fa3 _ mi3 fa#3 fa3 mi3 sol3 fa3 sol#3 do3 _ _ _ _ vel(40)}
GRAM#1[13] Gap34 --> Toit _vel(100) {Tp3,- sol#2 sol#2 sol#2 }
GRAM#1[14] Gap45 --> Toit _vel(100) {Tp3 Tp3, - sol2 - sol2 sol2 - sol2 Drapeau -}
GRAM#1[15] Gap56 --> CerfVolant _vel(60) {Tp3,- {6,do4,- do5} -}[{Tp3,PedalOn _vel(50) _velcont do2 sol#2 fa#2 do#3 PedalOff - _vel(90)}]
GRAM#1[16] Gap67 --> Guimbarde {Tp3,{_vel(40) do3__,vel(40) _velcont -fa3 fa3 vel(60), ---fa2}}
GRAM#1[17] Gap78 --> {Tp3,7 PedalOff -}
GRAM#1[18] Gap89 --> _vel(110) Michiko {Tp3, - PedalOn _press(0) _presscont _pitchbend(8192) _pitchcont re5_____ _press(127) _pitchbend(12000) - PedalOff}_pitchbend(8192)_press(0)
// Here we used the real val­ues of pitch­bend. Usually it is eas­i­er to use cent val­ues but this was­n’t yet implemented.

SUB1
GRAM#2[1] P1 --> {16,8 Vi4,Accord1} {16,{8,So8} {8,Ar12},Accord2} {16,{8,Sm16}{8,Su24}} {16,{8,Ol32}{8,An48}
GRAM#2[2] Accord1 --> do2
GRAM#2[3] Accord2 --> do2
GRAM#2[4] Accord5 --> do2

SUB1
GRAM#3[1] P2 --> Down12345 S5 Up12345 S5 Down12345 S5 Up12345 S5 Down12345 S3 Up12345 S3 Down12345 S3 Up12345 S3 Down12345 - Up12345 - Down12345 - Up12345 - Down12345 Up12345 Down12345 Up12345 Dha1 - Down12345 Up12345 Down12345 Up12345 Dha1 - Down12345 Up12345 Down12345 Up12345
GRAM#3[2] Down12345 --> si5 sol5 fa#5 mi5 re#5
GRAM#3[3] Up12345 --> si4 re#5 mi5 fa#5 sol5
GRAM#3[4] S5 --> -----
GRAM#3[5] S3 --> ---

SUB1
GRAM#4[1] P3 --> P3T1 Dha3 P3T2 Dha4 {P3T1,P3T3}
GRAM#4[2] P3T1 --> {3,do4 do5 do3 do3 do3 do3} {3, do#3 re3 la3 la#4 sol3 sol#4 do#4 do5 do3}{3,do#3 fa3 re#4 la#4 fa#3 sol4 mi4 la4 la#3 do5 re3 fa#3}{1,sol4 fa4}
GRAM#4[3] Dha3 --> sol#4
GRAM#4[4] P3T2 --> {3,do#4 do5 do#3 fa3 mi4 la4} {3,si3 do5 do3 do#3 re#3 si3 do5 do#3 re3}{3,sol#3 la#4 sol#3 la4 la#3 si4 re3 sol#3 la#4 sol#3 la#4 sol#3}{1,la#4 la4}
GRAM#4[5] Dha4 --> do5
GRAM#4[6] P3T3 --> {3,sol#3 la4 la#3 do5 re3 fa#3} {3,fa#4 fa4 sol4 re#4 do5 fa#3 fa#4 la4 do4}{3,do5 do3 do3 re#3 re#4 do5 re#3 do4 do5 do3 re#3 do4}{1,do5 do3}
GRAM#4[7] Dha5 --> sol#4

SUB1
GRAM#5[1] P4 --> {12,Trio Trio Trio Trio} {12,Trio Trio Trio Trio,Quatuor Quatuor Quatuor Quatuor} {24,Trio Trio Trio Trio Trio Trio Trio Trio,Quatuor Quatuor Quatuor Quatuor Quatuor Quatuor Quatuor Quatuor,OlSeul32}
GRAM#5[2] Trio --> {1,Sm,An,So} Tik Tik
GRAM#5[3] Quatuor --> {1,Ar,Ol,Su,Vi} {1,mi6---,do6---}
GRAM#5[4] OlSeul32 --> OlSeul4 OlSeul4 OlSeul4 OlSeul4 OlSeul4 OlSeul4 OlSeul4 OlSeul4
GRAM#5[5] OlSeul4 --> Ol Ol Ol Ol

SUB1
GRAM#6[1] P5 --> {Tick32,Tihai5 Chhe Tihai5 Chhe Tihai5}
GRAM#6[2] Tihai5 --> {4,Cinq2 Chhe Cinq2 Chhe} {6,Cinq2 Cinq2 Cinq2}

SUB1
GRAM#7[1] P6 --> {Tick32,Tihai6 Tin Tihai6 Tin Tihai6}
GRAM#7[2] Tihai6 --> {2,Huit}{2,Six}{2,Cinq}{2,Quatre}{2,- - Ek - - Do - -}

SUB1
GRAM#8[1] P7 --> {Tick32,Tihai7 Dha4 Tihai7 Dha4 Tihai7}
GRAM#8[2] Tihai7 --> {2,Huit2}{2,Sept2}{2,Six2}{2,Cinq2}{2,Quatre2}

SUB1
GRAM#9[1] P8 --> Tihai8 Gap8 Tihai8 Gap8 Tihai8
GRAM#9[2] Tihai8 --> {fa4,do5} - fa5 do6 la5 la#5 sol5 do6 la5 - {fa4,do5} fa5 - do6 la5 la#5 sol5 do6 la5 - {fa4,do5} fa5 do6 - la5 la#5 sol5 do6
GRAM#9[3] Gap8 --> la5 - - - - -

SUB1
GRAM#10[1] P9 --> {M1 M1 M1 M1 M2 M2 M2 M2 M2 M2 M2 M2 M3 M3 M3 M3 M3 M3 M3 M3 M4 M4 M4 M4 M4 M4 M4 M4 M5 M5 M5 M5 M5 M5 M5 M5 M6 M6 M6 M6 M6 M6 M6 M6,_vel(10){re3,mi3,fa3}}
GRAM#10[2] M1 --> Smriti
GRAM#10[3] M2 --> {Smriti,Olivier}
GRAM#10[4] M3 --> {Smriti,Olivier,Vijayshree}
GRAM#10[5] M4 --> {Smriti,Olivier,Vijayshree,Arindam}
GRAM#10[6] M5 --> {Smriti,Olivier,Vijayshree,Arindam,Somenath}
GRAM#10[7] M6 --> {Smriti,Olivier,Vijayshree,Arindam,Somenath,_vel(127) Suresh}

ORD [Setting ratios with time pat­terns]
GRAM#11[1] Tp1 --> t1 t1 t1 t1 t1 t1 t1 t1
GRAM#11[2] Tp2 --> t2 t2 t2 t2 t2 t2 t2 t2
GRAM#11[3] Tp3 --> t3 t3 t3 t3 t3 t3 t3 t3

SUB1
GRAM#12[1] Vi4 --> {4,Vi1 Vi1 Vi1 Vi1}
GRAM#12[2] So8 --> {8,So1 So1 So1 So1 So1 So1 So1 So1}
GRAM#12[3] Ar12 --> {12,Ar1 Ar1 Ar1 Ar1 Ar1 Ar1 Ar1 Ar1 Ar1 Ar1 Ar1 Ar1}
GRAM#12[4] Sm16 --> {16,Sm1 Sm1 Sm1 Sm1 Sm1 Sm1 Sm1 Sm1 Sm1 Sm1 Sm1 Sm1 Sm1 Sm1 Sm1 Sm1}
GRAM#12[5] Su24 --> {24,Su1 Su1 Su1 Su1 Su1 Su1 Su1 Su1 Su1 Su1 Su1 Su1 Su1 Su1 Su1 Su1 Su1 Su1 Su1 Su1 Su1 Su1 Su1 Su1}
GRAM#12[6] Ol32 --> {32, Ol4 Ol4 Ol4 Ol4 Ol4 Ol4 Ol4 Ol4}
GRAM#12[7] An48 --> An16 An16 An16
GRAM#12[8] An16 --> An4 An4 An4 An4
GRAM#12[9] An4 --> {4, An1 An1 An1 An1}
GRAM#12[10] Ol4 --> Ol1 Ol1 Ol1 Ol1
GRAM#12[11] Vi1 --> fa3 -
GRAM#12[12] So1 --> {mi3,fa#3} -
GRAM#12[13] Ar1 --> {sol3,la#3} -
GRAM#12[14] Sm1 --> do4 -
GRAM#12[15] Su1 --> {do#4,fa4} -
GRAM#12[16] Ol1 --> sol3 -
GRAM#12[17] An1 --> sol4 -

SUB1
GRAM#13[1] Smriti --> {3,Sm Sm Sm}
GRAM#13[2] Olivier --> {5,Ol Ol Ol Ol Ol}
GRAM#13[3] Vijayshree --> {2,Vi Vi}
GRAM#13[4] Arindam --> {4,Ar Ar Ar Ar}
GRAM#13[5] Somenath --> {6,So So So So So So}
GRAM#13[6] Suresh --> {12,Su Su Su Su Su Su Su Su Su Su Su Su}

SUB1
GRAM#14[1] Huit --> BigTik Tik Tik Tik Tik Tik Tik Tik
GRAM#14[2] Six --> BigTik Tik Tik Tik Tik Tik
GRAM#14[3] Cinq --> BigTik Tik Tik Tik Tik
GRAM#14[4] Cinq2 --> BigTik Tik3 Tik3 Tik3 Tik3
GRAM#14[5] Quatre --> BigTik Tik Tik Tik
GRAM#14[6] Huit2 --> BigTik2 Tik2 Tik2 Tik2 Tik2 Tik2 Tik2 Tik2
GRAM#14[7] Sept2 --> BigTik2 Tik2 Tik2 Tik2 Tik2 Tik2 Tik2
GRAM#14[8] Six2 --> BigTik2 Tik2 Tik2 Tik2 Tik2 Tik2
GRAM#14[9] Cinq2 --> BigTik2 Tik2 Tik2 Tik2 Tik2
GRAM#14[10] Quatre2 --> BigTik2 Tik2 Tik2 Tik2
GRAM#14[11] Ek --> Tik
GRAM#14[12] Do --> Tik
GRAM#14[13] Tin --> Tik
GRAM#14[14] Chhe --> BigTik

SUB1
// The eight fol­low­ing rules are typ­i­cal cas­es in which _staccato() should be used.
GRAM#15[1] Dha1 --> {1,{si3,si4}---}
GRAM#15[2] Su --> do6---
GRAM#15[3] Sm --> fa5---
GRAM#15[4] Ol --> mi6---
GRAM#15[5] So --> la5---
GRAM#15[6] Vi --> re6-
GRAM#15[7] Ar --> mi5---
GRAM#15[8] An --> fa6---
GRAM#15[9] Dha4 --> {fa2,do4}
GRAM#15[10] Tick32 --> _vel(40) do3 do3 do3 do3 do3 do3 do3 do3 do3 do3 do3 do3 do3 do3 do3 do3 do3 do3 do3 do3 do3 do3 do3 do3 do3 do3 do3 do3 do3 do3 do3 do3
GRAM#15[11] Tik --> do7
GRAM#15[12] Tik2 --> {do5,do6}
GRAM#15[13] Tik3 --> {_vel(15) sol6,_vel(110) do7}
GRAM#15[14] BigTik --> {do6,do8}
GRAM#15[15] BigTik2 --> {fa3,fa4}

SUB1
GRAM#16[1] Route --> X87
GRAM#16[2] Sablier --> X76
GRAM#16[3] Maison --> C13
GRAM#16[4] Toit --> X76
GRAM#16[5] Drapeau --> X36
GRAM#16[6] CerfVolant --> X63
GRAM#16[7] Guimbarde --> X86
GRAM#16[8] Hippocampe --> X72
GRAM#16[9] VaisseauVolant --> X36
GRAM#16[10] Conque --> I66
GRAM#16[11] Michiko --> X75

ORD
[D-50 stuff]
GRAM#17[1] Xcard --> _script(MIDI con­troller #98 = 1 chan­nel 1)
GRAM#17[2] Internal --> _script(MIDI con­troller #98 = 0 chan­nel 1)
GRAM#17[3] X13 --> Xcard _script(MIDI pro­gram 5)
GRAM#17[4] X24 --> Xcard _script(MIDI pro­gram 12)
GRAM#17[5] X26 --> Xcard _script(MIDI pro­gram 14)
GRAM#17[6] X27 --> Xcard _script(MIDI pro­gram 15)
GRAM#17[7] X36 --> Xcard _script(MIDI pro­gram 22)
GRAM#17[8] X63 --> Xcard _script(MIDI pro­gram 43)
GRAM#17[9] X68 --> Xcard _script(MIDI pro­gram 48)
GRAM#17[10] X72 --> Xcard _script(MIDI pro­gram 50)
GRAM#17[11] X75 --> Xcard _script(MIDI pro­gram 53)
GRAM#17[12] X76 --> Xcard _script(MIDI pro­gram 54)
GRAM#17[13] X83 --> Xcard _script(MIDI pro­gram 59)
GRAM#17[14] X85 --> Xcard _script(MIDI pro­gram 61)
GRAM#17[15] X86 --> Xcard _script(MIDI pro­gram 62)
GRAM#17[16] X87 --> Xcard _script(MIDI pro­gram 63)
GRAM#17[17] I42 --> Internal _script(MIDI pro­gram 26)
GRAM#17[18] I62 --> Internal _script(MIDI pro­gram 42)
GRAM#17[19] I66 --> Internal _script(MIDI pro­gram 46)
GRAM#17[20] C13 --> Internal _script(MIDI pro­gram 67)
GRAM#17[21] C42 --> Internal _script(MIDI pro­gram 90)
GRAM#17[22] C56 --> Internal _script(MIDI pro­gram 102)
GRAM#17[23] C23 --> Internal _script(MIDI pro­gram 75)
GRAM#17[24] PedalOn --> _switchon(64,1)
GRAM#17[25] PedalOff --> _switchoff(64,1)


An excerpt of this work is dis­played in the fol­low­ing video from 3mn 36s to 3mn 48s:

References

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